The 53-year-old will play two dates in the UK, while the tour will also visit South America and Australia, where she has not performed in 20 years.
The announcement comes days after the Like A Prayer singer performed during half time at the US Super Bowl.
A record 111.3 million people tuned in for the game. Madonna's 12 minute performance received mixed reviews.
According to Nielsen, the company that tracks TV viewing figures, the football game was the most watched show in US history.
Fifty dates have been announced so far for Madonna's tour, which will start on 29 May and visit 26 European cities including Paris, Milan, Barcelona, Amsterdam, Dublin and Berlin.
She will also perform in Canada and the US in August, September and October.
Madonna has become known for expensive, elaborate stage shows featuring acrobats, skateboarders, bagpipe players and multiple sets.
The Sticky And Sweet tour even incorporated a Ukrainian gypsy group, the Kolpakov Trio, who accompanied the pop star on her hit single La Isla Bonita.
As a result, ticket prices can be relatively high.
The most expensive tickets for the star's 2012 world tour will be £125, although there will be £40 tickets available for the gig at Edinburgh's Murrayfield Stadium on 21 July.
Passes for the concert at London's Hyde Park on 17 July have a starting price of £70.
Tickets go on sale this Friday, 10 February, at 10:00 am.
From BBC News